Y. Maheut, L. Antonelli, S. Atzeni, J. Badziak, F. Baffigi, D. Batani, C. Cecchetti, T. Chodukowski, F. Consoli, G. Cristoforetti, R. De Angelis, G. Folpini, L. A. Gizzi, Z. Kalinowska, M. Kucharik, P. Köster, E. Krousky, L. Labate, T. Levato, R. Liska, G. Malka, A. Marocchino, P. Nicolaï, T. O'Dell, P. Parys, T. Pisarczyk, P. Rączka, O. Renner, Y. J. Rhee, X. Ribeyre, M. Richetta, M. Rosinski, L. Ryć, J. Skala, A. Schiavi, G. Schurtz, M. Smid, C. Spindloe, J. Ullschmied, J. Wolowski, and A. Zaraś
We report the experiment conducted on the Prague Asterix Laser System (PALS) laser facility dedicated to make a parametric study of the laser-plasma interaction under the physical conditions corresponding to shock ignition thermonuclear fusion reactions. Two laser beams have been used: the auxiliary beam, for preplasma creation on the surface of a plastic foil, and the main beam to launch a strong shock. The ablation pressure is inferred from the volume of the crater in the Cu layer situated behind the plastic foil and by shock breakout chronometry. The population of fast electrons is analyzed by K alpha emission spectroscopy and imaging. The preplasma is characterized by three-frame interferometry, x-ray spectroscopy and ion diagnostics. The numerical simulations constrained with the measured data gave a maximum pressure in the plastic layer of about 90 Mbar.
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